Greenbook Initiative

Initiative Partners | Demonstration Sites | Evaluations | Implementation Plan | Other Initiatives

In about half of all child maltreatment cases, a mother is also being battered. The intersection of domestic violence and child maltreatment is generally overlooked. Too often, non-offending battered mothers are blamed for the abuse of their children. Too rarely, perpetrators are held accountable. Children suffer because they may be injured in the course of violence against their mother, or they suffer harmful effects simply by being in a violent home.

In most communities, the primary systems for helping mothers and children become safe - dependency courts, child protective services, and domestic violence service providers, need to strengthen their understandings, capacity, and tools to address the co-occurrence of child and woman abuse.

To address these issues, several years ago the Family Violence Department of the National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges convened leading family court judges and experts on child maltreatment and domestic violence. Together they developed a groundbreaking publication, "Effective Intervention in Domestic Violence & Child Maltreatment Cases: Guidelines for Policy and Practice," (Greenbook). Released in 1999, it offers a comprehensive set of responses designed to eliminate or decrease the enormous risks that battered mothers, caseworkers and judges must take on behalf of children.

A Federal Initiative ensued and six demonstration sites were selected from among 100 candidates to be a part of this unique project. In December of 2000 and January of 2001, the U.S. Departments of Justice and Health and Human Services funded the six communities under an inter-Departmental demonstration initiative: "Collaborations to Address Domestic Violence and Child Maltreatment." The six communities were: Santa Clara County, California; San Francisco County, California; Lane County, Oregon; El Paso County, Colorado; St. Louis County, Missouri; Grafton County, New Hampshire. Each community received approximately $350,000 for seven years. The federal initiative required communities to implement guidelines from the “Greenbook.” These guidelines were directed to child welfare agencies, community-based domestic violence providers, and dependency courts. These organizations agreed to establish collaborative structures and develop policies and procedures to enhance the safety and well-being of battered women and their children. Moreover, many local organizations such as law enforcement, probation and parole, prosecutors, health care providers, children's advocates, mental health providers, domestic violence survivors, and other community-based groups contributed in important ways.

In addition to funding the communities, the Federal Initiative included a national evaluation and ongoing technical assistance. The evaluation was conducted by Caliber Associates and its partners, the National Center for State Courts and the Education Development Center. The national evaluation team explored how effectively the sites implemented the guidelines. In addition, each site was required to have an evaluation/data coordinator to work with the national evaluation and to lead local evaluation and data collection activities. Technical assistance was provided by the National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges, the Family Violence Prevention Fund and the American Public Human Services Association.

This initiative was supported by federal and private partners. Private partners included the David and Lucile and Packard Foundation, the Edna McConnell Clark Foundation the Anne E. Casey Foundation and the National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges. The Federal Partners included several offices of the Justice and Health and Human Services. The offices in the Department of Justice included: the National Institute of Justice, the Office on Violence Against Women, the Office for Victims of Crime, and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Likewise, the agencies in the Department of Health and Human Services included: the Children's Bureau, Administration for Children, Youth and Families; the Office of Community Services, Administration for Children and Families; the Division of Violence Prevention at the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; and the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, who led the initiative steering group.

Today, the "Greenbook" is helping child welfare workers, domestic violence advocates and family court judges in communities across the country change their approach to family violence to better help battered women and their children achieve safety. The "Greenbook" has spawned activities in states and localities across the country, as well as this federal initiative spearheaded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and the U.S. Department of Justice.

Read more about the Federal Initiative Demonstration Sites, and Other Initiatives.

Effective Intervention in Domestic Violence & Child Maltreatment Cases:

Site Contacts:
El Paso County, CO: Amber Ptak
Former Greenbook Project Coordinator
Michelle Valdez
TESSA Executive Director
P.O. Box 2662
Colorado Springs, CO 80901
Phone: 719-785-6806
Grafton County, NH: Ruth Houtte
Former Greenbook Project Coordinator
Grace Mattern
Executive Director
P.O. Box 353
Concord, NH 03302
603-224-8893 ext. 304
Lane County, OR: Diana Avery
Former Greenbook Project Coordinator
St. Louis County, MO: Resource Specialist
Legal Advocates for Abused Women (LAAW)
Family Court of St. Louis County
Phone: 314-615-2933
Santa Clara County, CA: Maria Jose Moraga
Former Greenbook Project Coordinator
408-882-0900 ext. 213
Dana Bunnett
Executive Director
Kids in Common
1605 The Alameda
San Jose, CA 95126
408-882-0900 x240
San Francisco County, CA: Jill Tregor
Former Greenbook Project Coordinator


If you require technical assistance, or have questions about this site, please contact: Sam Smith at 775-784-6227 or Technical Support


This page was last modified on July 1, 2008